Microbial pectinases and ruminant nutrition pdf
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- RUMINANT AND MICROBIAL PECTINASE *
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- Microbial pectinases: an ecofriendly tool of nature for industries
- Microbial Pectinases and Ruminant Nutrition
The main purpose of yeast supplementation is to treat rumen microbial dysbiosis which may enhance the nutrient utilization leading to enhanced animal growth and productivity. Yeast improves rumen ecosystem by two ways: by direct production of digestive enzymes and growth stimulator and by promoting the growth and function of beneficial microbiota.
RUMINANT AND MICROBIAL PECTINASE *
Pectinases are the growing enzymes of biotechnological sector, showing gradual increase in their market. They hold a leading position among the commercially produced industrial enzymes. These enzymes are ecofriendly tool of nature that are being used extensively in various industries like wine industry; food industry; paper industry for bleaching of pulp and waste paper recycling; in the processing of fruit—vegetables, tea—coffee, animal feed; extraction of vegetable oil and scouring of plant fibres. Moreover, enzymatic catalysis is preferred over other chemical methods, since it is more specific, less aggressive and saves energy. This is the review which covers the information available on the applicability potential of this group of enzymes in various sectors. The pectinases are being produced by various kinds of microorganisms Servili et al.
Box , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Application of enzymes in biotechnological process has expanded considerably in recent years. In food and related industry, major importance was being attached to the use of enzymes in upgrading quality, increasing yields of extractive processes, product stabilization, and improvement of flavor and byproduct utilization. Pectinases or pectinolytic enzymes are today one of the upcoming enzymes of the commercial sector. For this reason, this study was undertaken with aims of screening microorganisms for the pectinase activity from coffee pulp samples and molecular identification of the potential pectinolytic isolates. In the present investigation, in total, ninety-five 95 isolates were identified from thirty coffee pulp samples. Based on characterization on the selective growth media, the isolates were grouped as actinomycete
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Animal production Animal nutrition Enzymes production Ruminants. Research Journal of Microbiology 6 3 , , Asian Journal of Animal Sciences 9 6 , , Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 7 8 , , Journal of Biological Sciences 13 4 , , International Journal of Dairy Science 10 3 , , Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 10 1 , ,
Treponema saccharophilum is a pectinolytic bacterium isolated from the bovine rumen. The abundance of this bacterium has not been well determined, reflecting the lack of a reliable and accurate detection method. To develop a rapid method for monitoring T. The relative abundance of T. There was a clear association of T.
This usage of pectinases for ruminant's feed production can reduces the feed viscosity, which increases absorption of nutrients, liberates nutrients.
Microbial pectinases: an ecofriendly tool of nature for industries
Pectinase hydrolyses pectin and increases the utilization of agriculture byproducts as feeds for ruminants. Thirty one week postpartum Damascus goats stratified by previous milk production, body weight and parity were divided into three experimental groups. Does were fed a basal diet containing concentrates, orange silage, sugar beet pulp and wheat straw at , respectively without a supplement control treatment or supplemented with a newly developed pectinase New treatment or commercial pectinase Commercial treatment. The newly developed pectinase performed better than the commercial pectinase.
Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: March 07, Published: April 17, Scope of exogenous enzymes in enhancing ruminant productivity. J Dairy Vet Anim Res.
Box , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Microbial Pectinases and Ruminant Nutrition
Limited lignocellulose degradation is the primary obstacle to feed digestion efficiency in ruminant animals. Low-quality forage with high levels of fibrous components can favor the proliferation of fibrolytic bacteria, but whether this can result a profound microbial shift after dietary intervention remains unclear. In this study, we monitored the microbial communities in the rumens of five ruminally cannulated Hu sheep through dietary transition from alfalfa hay AH, pre-CS to corn stover CS, post-CS and then back to AH post-AH , with each treatment lasting for 14 days. The CS intervention significantly increased the relative abundance of microorganisms involved in lignocellulose degradation, including Fibrobacter and Treponema. When the diet was switched back to AH, the microbial community did not completely return to a pre-CS treatment state. In the post-AH microbial community, the relative abundances of Fibrobacter and Treponema were persistently high, and were similar to those in the post-CS community.
Zeinab I. Sadek Professor of food microbiology, National research centre of Egypt. Nayra sh.