Similarities between old testament and new testament pdf
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- New Testament
- What are the similarities between old and new testament?
- What is the relationship between the Old and New Testaments?
The more I read the Bible, the more I see that it is not just a book of many different stories, but how it is a book of many stories that ultimately tell one story. Many of us see the Bible as a composition of ancient, heroic, moral stories that inspire and teach us. But is there a way that any of these stories go together? Is there a thread of commonality? Certainly, Jesus gives us the right glasses for correctly reading and interpreting the Scriptures.
The Bible, then, is not a book primarily about many stories, but a book ultimately about many smaller stories all telling the same, greater story. Jesus says all these stories ultimately point to himself, are fulfilled in himself, and find their greater meaning in his greater story. In other words, all other stories in the Bible are parts of the conflict and plot in the greater story of Jesus, in which the fulfillment of their story ultimately happens in his.
In fact, his story is not just the fulfillment of these other stories; he is the fulfillment of these other stories. Because all the stories of the Old Testament point to, foreshadow, and find their ultimate fulfillment in Jesus, this also means that these stories will have figures, events, traditions, symbols etc. In this blog, I wanted to specifically focus on how the great Old Testament character, Moses, points to, foreshadows, and prefigures Jesus in many ways.
Check it out:. During the time of Moses, Pharaoh ordered a mass killing of every Hebrew baby under the age of 2 years old. During the time of Jesus, King Herod ordered a mass killing of every Hebrew baby under the age of 2 years old.
Moses came up out of Egypt to redeem his people. And Jesus, too, like Moses, came up out of Egypt to redeem the world. Moses was born without shelter, laid into a straw-thatched basket, floated down a river, and was picked up by Egyptian royalty. Jesus too was born without shelter, laid into a straw-filled stable, and was visited by Herodian royalty.
Moses grew up in the palace of Pharaoh, the highest place of esteem in his culture. Jesus grew up in the synagogues of Jerusalem, the highest place of esteem in his culture. Moses brought the Israelites out of slavery to Egypt. Jesus brought the Israelites and the world out of slavery to sin and death. Moses received the 10 commandments from God on Mount Sinai. Jesus reinterpreted the 10 commandments from God in his Sermon on the Mount.
Moses carried the law and pointed to the gospel. Jesus fulfilled the law and IS the gospel. The Israelites experienced dark years of bondage to Egypt until Moses was born and came to rescue them. The nation of Israel experienced dark years of silence from God until Jesus was born and came to save them. Moses went through the wilderness and was doubtful to God before he began his ministry to redeem the Israelites. Jesus went through the wilderness and was tempted by Satan before he began his ministry to redeem the world.
Moses was royalty in Egypt, but left his position of power to serve and save an enslaved people. Jesus was royalty in Heaven, but left his position of power to serve and save an enslaved world. Moses was inconceivably both royalty and slave at the same time, being a prince but also a Hebrew. Jesus is inconceivably both God and man at the same time, being the transcendent Son of God but also a descendent Son of Man.
God spoke to Moses through a bush that was on fire, but it was not consumed. Moses chose 12 spies and sent them into the Promise Land. Jesus chose 12 disciples and sent them to proclaim the truer and better Promise Land, one not of earthly geography under God but one of spiritual restoration with God. In fact, there were loads upon loads of leftovers. In fact, there were baskets upon baskets of leftovers. Moses carried around the Ark of the Covenant and the makeshift tabernacle, which contained the presence of God.
Jesus IS the presence of God, not limited to four walls or holy places. Moses held up a pole with a snake on it, and everyone who looked upon it would be saved from their deadly snakebites. Moses first initiated the Passover Lamb to absorb the wrath of God. Jesus is the final and ultimate Passover Lamb who fully absorbed the wrath of God for sin once and for all.
Moses did not marry a full Jew, but actually a non-Jew who became grafted into the heritage of Israel. Jesus will marry the church, which is not fully Jews, but actually non-Jews as well, who became grafted into the saving heritage of Israel. Moses led his people to the Promised Land, but not into it. Jesus leads his people to the better Promised Land—reconciliation with God—and will one day usher us into the eternal, ultimate Promised Land—heaven.
While the Israelites were dying of thirst in the desert, Moses struck a rock, and from the blow, it spewed water to quench their thirst. Similarly, while we are dying of spiritual thirst in the desert of spiritual alienation from God, God struck a better Rock for our sins, Jesus, and from the blow, it spews Living Water to quench our thirst of spiritual alienation from God. And I am sure that there are more parallels. And this is exactly why I believe it is true.
All of history is a book upon which God writes a story of unparalleled brilliance about his unparalleled glory to tell the greatest story ever told. Jesus is the centerpiece of all reality and it made God glad to glorify his Son in this way. Email address:. Check it out: During the time of Moses, Pharaoh ordered a mass killing of every Hebrew baby under the age of 2 years old.
Moses was a Hebrew Levite. Jesus too was a Hebrew Levite. Moses parted the Red Sea. Jesus calmed the Sea of Galilee. Moses is the author of the law. Jesus is the author of our faith. Moses was the first mediator. Jesus is the final mediator. Moses turned water into blood. Jesus turned water into wine. Moses appropriated the law. Jesus accomplished the law. January 17, by Austin Gentry.
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What are the similarities between old and new testament?
Do similarities in the Old Testament with other ancient Near Eastern literature prove that it is all the same kind of thing? In the s a scholar named George Smith revealed the discovery of both creation and flood stories in ancient Babylonian literature. Although competent scholars have since shown that the similarities between these accounts are largely superficial, the idea remains today in certain areas of academia and pop culture that the Bible is just another work of ancient mythology. On the other hand, conservatives, fearful of seeing the Bible lose its status, tend to shy away from the similarities. Where we run into problems is when we assume that God revealed Himself in ways that are always satisfactory to modern people, especially with regard to scientific and historical accuracy.
The Old Testament is the first division of the Christian Bible. It is a collection of books which varies from church to church and dates earlier than the New Testament. The New Testament is the second major division of the Christian Bible. It is also known as the New Law or New Covenant. The Old Testament is the first division and the only source for the history of Israel and Judah, the earliest material dates back to 12th century BC. The Old Testament is similar to the Hebrew Bible and varies primarily in the order of books.
What is the relationship between the Old and New Testaments?
Have you ever wondered why the Christian Bible has two sections? How are the Old and New Testaments related? The Bible is a big book, so finding the answer might not be obvious at first and can take some time to discover.
New Testament , second, later, and smaller of the two major divisions of the Christian Bible , and the portion that is canonical authoritative only to Christianity. A brief treatment of the New Testament follows. For full treatment, see biblical literature: Conditions aiding the formation of the canon. Christians see in the New Testament the fulfillment of the promise of the Old Testament.
Click to see full answer Furthermore, why is it called Old and New Testament? That which preceded the advent and passion of Christ—that is, the law and the prophets—is called the Old ; but those things which were written after His resurrection are named the New Testament. Secondly, how many Old and New Testament are there? Protestant Bibles comprise 39 books of the Old Testament according to the Jewish Hebrew Bible canon, known especially to non-Protestants as the protocanonical books and the 27 books of the New Testament for a total of 66 books. The Old Testament is the original Hebrew Bible , the sacred scriptures of the Jewish faith, written at different times between about and BC.