Making sense of data and statistics in psychology pdf

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making sense of data and statistics in psychology pdf

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A lot of psychology students are surprised and sometimes dismayed to realize that statistics courses are required for graduation in their chosen major. Yes, statistics courses are a major part of virtually all psychology programs. You will also encounter the subject in many of your other classes, particularly those that involve experimental design or research methods. To succeed in psychology, you not only need to be able to pass a statistics class.

Making Sense of the Big Picture: Data Linkage and Integration in the Era of Big Data

A lot of psychology students are surprised and sometimes dismayed to realize that statistics courses are required for graduation in their chosen major.

Yes, statistics courses are a major part of virtually all psychology programs. You will also encounter the subject in many of your other classes, particularly those that involve experimental design or research methods.

To succeed in psychology, you not only need to be able to pass a statistics class. You need to be able to understand statistics, too. Statistics allow us to make sense of and interpret a great deal of information. Consider the sheer volume of data you encounter in a given day. How many hours did you sleep? How many students in your class ate breakfast this morning? How many people live within a one-mile radius of your home? By using statistics, we can organize and interpret all of this information in a meaningful way.

In psychology, we are also confronted with enormous amounts of data. How do changes in one variable impact other variables? Is there a way we can measure that relationship?

What is the overall strength of that relationship and what does that mean? Statistics allow us to answer these kinds of questions. Statistics allow psychologists to:. Having a solid understanding of statistical methods can help you excel in almost all other classes. Whether you are taking social psychology or human sexuality, you will be spending a great deal of time learning about research.

Your foundation of statistical knowledge will allow you to make better sense of the research you'll find described in your other psychology courses. Secondly, think about all the claims about psychology that you encounter on a daily basis outside of class. Magazines publish stories about the latest scientific findings, self-help books make proclamations about different ways to approach problems, and news reports interpret or misinterpret psychology research.

By understanding the research process, including the kinds of statistical analyses that are used, you will be able to become a wise consumer of psychology information and make better judgments of the information you come across. By understanding statistics, you can make better decisions about your health and well-being. Many prospective psychology students assume that their chosen major will require very little math.

After all, psychology is the science of the mind and behavior, so what does math have to do with it? Quite a bit, actually. Math classes, and statistics in particular, are an important part of any psychology program.

You will need to take math classes that fulfill your school's general education requirements as well as additional statistics requirements to fulfill your psychology program's core requirements. In most cases, you will have to take at least two math classes, but in other cases, it might end up being between three and five. Check your school's graduation requirements as well as your psychology program's core requirements for more information.

Knowing why statistics are important might not help with that sense of dread you feel before stepping into your first stats course. But even if you don't consider yourself "good at math," you can still succeed in your stats classes. You might have to put in some extra effort, but help is available.

Start with your instructor. They might be able to recommend books, online tools, and on-campus resources. Many colleges and universities offer a math lab where students can go to receive extra help and tutoring with any type of math course, including statistics. Consider joining or forming a study group with classmates, too. Ever wonder what your personality type means?

Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. The prevalence of marginally significant results in psychology over time. Psychol Sci. Schafer MS. Sources, characteristics and effects of mass media communication on science: A review of the literature, current trends and areas for future research.

Sociology Compass. Questionable research practices among Italian research psychologists. PLoS One. Increasing literacy in quantitative methods: The key to the future of Canadian psychology. Can Psychol. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles. Skills Needed to Succeed as a Psychology Major. How Experimental Psychology Studies Behavior. Great Psychology Experiment Ideas to Explore. How to Become a Psychologist. What Attention Means in Psychology. Verywell Mind uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using Verywell Mind, you accept our.

Making Sense of All the Words: Analyzing Qualitative Data

The advent of the Big Data era has naturally brought with it an undeniable growth of interest in the topic of data. Our explorations of this topic thus far have led to the conclusion that the challenge posed by the volume, variety, and velocity that characterize data must be addressed by data linkage and integration [ 1 ]. Analyzing multiple datasets by linking and integrating can answer questions that require large sample sizes or detailed data regarding hard-to-reach populations and can generate evidence with a high level of external validity and applicability for policy making [ 2 ]. The strategy of data linkage and integration—the process of combining data from different sources and providing users with a unified view of this data—is not a new concept. Even prior to the Big Data era, efforts were made to adopt and analyze various data to interpret real-world problems in the public and private sector. Researchers, however, realized the limitations of information from an individual dataset and thus proposed the integration of different datasets. Since this proposal, researchers have worked to improve the usefulness of data and the quality of knowledge derived from data analysis.

There is a Table of Contents but no Index or Glossary. Comprehensiveness rating: 4 see less. Statistics changes little over time, so this book can be a standard for years to come. If APA format needs to be adjusted or examples in the text and end-of-chapter problems need to be updated, that can be easily done. The book is well-written i. It is appropriate for an undergraduate taking their first statistics course. The primary way the text is organized is by chapter, with each chapter covering a different topic.

Why Are Statistics Necessary in Psychology?

Gerry Mulhern , Brian Greer. Flyer Mulhearn resource - product Sample chapter. Recommend to library.

Home Consumer Insights Market Research. Quantitative data is defined as the value of data in the form of counts or numbers where each data-set has an unique numerical value associated with it. This data is any quantifiable information that can be used for mathematical calculations and statistical analysis, such that real-life decisions can be made based on these mathematical derivations.

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