International organisations and their headquarters and heads 2016 pdf

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international organisations and their headquarters and heads 2016 pdf

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The United Nations UN is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security , develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. Pursuant to the Charter, the organization's objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid , promoting sustainable development , and upholding international law. The organization's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies.

List of international organizations based in Geneva

United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for co-ordination CEB at the inter-secretariat level. A number of specialized agencies have been set up to achieve these goals, agencies which may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations, but they are incorporated into the United Nations System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council acting under Articles 57 and 63 of the United Nations Charter. At present the UN has in total 15 [2] [3] [4] [note 1] specialized agencies that carry out various functions on behalf of the UN. The specialized agencies are listed below. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity , better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy.

These will help you in upcoming exams. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Name of the Organisation.

In an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world, some issues are too big for countries to handle on their own. Countries need to work together, and they do so in part through international organizations that encourage cooperation and diplomatic resolutions to global problems. This is an introduction to six of the most important international organizations in the world today. All were established after World War II. Many of these organizations are discussed in detail under other Global Era topics such as trade, terrorism, and global health. As the issues tackled on a global level evolve, international institutions need to adapt.

United Nations

Jump to navigation. On 19 September Heads of State and Government came together for the first time ever at the global level within the UN General Assembly to discuss issues related to migration and refugees. This sent a powerful political message that migration and refugee matters had become major issues squarely in the international agenda. The Global Compact is the first inter-governmentally negotiated agreement, prepared under the auspices of the United Nations, covering all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner. The Global Compact is framed in a way consistent with target

Vienna is one of the most important headquarters of International Organizations IO emerging as a hub for the promotion of peace, security, sustainable development, disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Further emphasis is given to fight against crime, drug abuse and terrorism. Already during the Cold War Austria served as platform for international dialogue due to its geopolitical position and its neutral status. They employ more than collaborators out of which about a quarter are Austrians. In a long term perspective all indicators proof the economic thrive of the sector, in particular, conference activities increased by one third in the period —

International Organisations and Headquarters & Head

The five Founding Members were later joined by: Qatar — terminated its membership in January ; Indonesia — suspended its membership in January , reactivated it in January , but decided to suspend it again in November ; Libya ; United Arab Emirates ; Algeria ; Nigeria ; Ecuador — suspended its membership in December , reactivated it in October , but decided to withdraw its membership effective 1 January ; Angola ; Gabon - terminated its membership in January but rejoined in July ; Equatorial Guinea ; and Congo This was moved to Vienna, Austria, on September 1, OPEC's objective is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

UNESCO sponsors projects that improve literacy , provide technical training and education, advance science, protect independent media and press freedom , preserve regional and cultural history, and promote cultural diversity. As a focal point for world culture and science, UNESCO's activities have broadened over the years to include assisting in the translating and disseminating of world literature, establishing international cooperation agreements to secure World Heritage Sites of cultural and natural importance, defending human rights, bridging the worldwide digital divide , and creating inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication. UNESCO is governed by the General Conference, composed of member states and associate members, which meets biannually to set the agency's programmes and the budget.

 Я вызываю агентов безопасности. - Нет, коммандер! - вскрикнула Сьюзан.  - Нет.

List of specialized agencies of the United Nations

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